Covid-19: who are the vaccinated and non-vaccinated in France? A study draws a composite portrait

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The Ministry of Health published, Wednesday, February 23, a study on the different profiles of the vaccinated and those who do not want it or cannot. Notable differences appear between socio-professional categories, territories or trust in government and scientists.

Who are the people who vaccinate the most against Covid-19? This is the question asked by Inserm and DREES, two government statistics institutes. It was during the third part of the Epidemiology and living conditions (EpiCov) survey that 85,032 citizens were questioned.

The study was conducted between June 24 and August 9, about six months after the start of vaccination in France. At that date 72.2% of the population had already been vaccinated. The report highlights a disparity according to socio-economic variables, educational level, geographical origin and trust in the government and the scientific community.

Vaccine and social inequalities

The study reveals variations according to the income of individuals, the level of diploma or even the socio-professional category. For example, people without a diploma are vaccinated at 69.8% against 79.2% for holders of a master’s or doctorate.

The least educated people are among those who most often use a third party to get a first vaccination appointment. A proportion of people who can go up to 57% for those who have not done any study. Difficulties in using the internet or even access to a computer is one of the causes of this disparity. The nuance is also marked regarding the standard of living, 55% of people with the lowest means have had recourse to vaccination against 88% for the highest salaries.

Geographical origin: preponderant factor

The reluctance to vaccinate against Covid-19 in the overseas departments and regions has been significant since the start of the campaign. This report is the statistical proof. In Guadeloupe, only 32% have had the vaccine, 28% in Martinique and 44% in Reunion. We mainly find the same reasons as in mainland France for its rejection: precariousness and young age. However, obesity or chronic illnesses, which motivate most French nationals, do not have the same effect overseas.

In metropolitan France, immigrants from a country outside the European Union and their descendants are less vaccinated: 59.1% against 72.2% for the adult population as a whole. In addition, 12.8% of them do not want the vaccine against 8.1% for the others.

Governmental and scientific mistrust: a negative balance sheet

While the presence of antivax is still important in France and internationally, the DREES study proves the importance of trust in the decision-making process for vaccination. People who have no confidence at all in the action of the government to limit the spread of the virus are 51% to be vaccinated against 85% for those who are convinced by their decisions.

This figure is even more impressive for citizens who lack confidence in the scientific community. They are 41.9% to refuse the injection and only 34.3% of them to have accepted it.

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