Here are the symptoms of heat stroke in dogs and the steps to take

Dogs (and cats too) are much more sensitive to heat than us humans. Having to endure high temperatures can be very dangerous for our animals.

  • What is heat stress?

“Heat Stroke” is the common name we use for hyperthermia, which is an increase in body temperature. Dogs don’t sweat. They can only evacuate heat by 3 mechanisms:

  • Panting (a dog’s typical rapid breathing).
  • By sweating ONLY through the foot pads and contact with cold surfaces.
  • By areas where hair is sparse, such as the abdomen.
  • Heatstroke in dogs can cause their body temperature to rise to 42ºC. It should be noted that the average normal temperature in dogs is 38-39°C.

The effects of heat stress can be temporary or permanent. It can even lead to death in less than 15 minutes. Even if the dog is stabilized, it is possible for the dog to develop sequelae several days or weeks after the incident.

  • Heat Stress Risk Factors

There are risk factors to consider in order to avoid (or minimize) heat stress:

  • High outside temperature.
  • High humidity, which makes it difficult to remove water vapor from the body.
  • Small spaces (the car, a completely closed room, a balcony, a luggage rack, the hold of a boat, etc.)
  • Too little water available to the animal or water that is not changed often.
  • Lack of shade in the yard or on the balcony.
  • A concrete floor or a floor that retains a lot of heat.

Tethered dogs trying to gain access to water or shade and who may strangle or choke on the chain or leash.

  • What are the symptoms of heatstroke?

If your dog is suffering from heat stroke, the first symptoms you will see will be:

  • Very rapid and forced breathing.
  • Difficulty of movement.
  • Altered salivation.
  • Blue tongue and mucous membranes.

Remember, as we said at the beginning of this post, the effects of heat stroke can be temporary or permanent, and it is an incident that can result in the death of the animal. Therefore, if your pet exhibits these symptoms, consult your veterinarian immediately, as their condition may be serious.

© emergenciesveterinaries
  • What to do in case of heat stroke?

If our dog suffers from heat stroke, we must calm down and act effectively and quickly. The first thing to do is to contact our veterinarian and inform him of the situation.

A first aid measure is to lower the body temperature, but NEVER brutally. It is not advisable to cover the animal with towels, nor to subject it to extreme measures (no baths in cold water, nor the use of ice) and to follow the instructions of the veterinarian at all times. . The dog can be sprinkled with water, but it should not be hot or cold.

Water can be provided for the dog to drink, but don’t rush him. He must not drink too much or too quickly.

Leave a Comment