More than one in ten adults have contracted Lyme disease from a tick bite. Who are the people most at risk for Lyme disease? Are you at risk?
14% of the world’s population
A Chinese study pooled data from 89 studies around the world on Lyme disease, involving 158,287 people. 14.5% of the world’s population is exposed to the disease. Their study was published in the British medical journal BMJ Global Health. L’Europe is a particularly risky area.
Are you a risk profile?
Those are the 50 year old men and more who live in the rural areas most at risk for Lyme disease. Farmers especially regularly interact with animals hosts of infected ticks such as dogs and sheep. However, you can also catch Lyme disease following a tick bite in the forest or during a walk in paths with tall grass.
How do I know if I have Lyme disease?
Not everyone bitten by a tick will develop Lyme disease. Lyme disease is characterized by a redness and swelling of the skin located at level of the puncture. These are symptoms that disappear quickly.
Severe disabling forms
On the other hand, some people will develop severe forms. Severe forms affect the neurological, cardiac and articular system. These serious forms can persist and become disabling for those affected. Lyme disease is diagnosis through its symptoms because the currently proposed test only detects half of the patients according to patient associations.
What are the signs of Lyme disease?
The francelyme.fr association has listed 70 possible symptoms suggestive of Lyme disease. In addition to localized redness, these include:
- Abnormal tiredness,
- Unexplained weight loss or weight gain
- Breakouts fever unexplained headaches
- Night sweats
- Lymph nodes
- Pain at a tick bite site
- Rashes and or itching
- Visual, hearing, dizziness