Saint Bernard: origin, size and character


The Saint Bernard is the mountain dog par excellence. It is distinguished as much by its impressive size as by its sociable character.

the Saint Bernard is a large, very intelligent, calm and gentle dog. The rescue instinct is very developed in him, he is also known to be a rescue dog.

His origins

The Saint-Bernard has been since the 19and century considered a rescue dog.

The name of the Saint-Bernard comes from the Grand-Saint-Bernard pass, located in the Swiss Alps. The Saint Bernard is part of the group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs, Swiss mountain and cattle dogs.

According to the LOF (Book of French Origins), this breed of dog has Asian origins. It is indeed related to the Tibetan Mastiff. It was the monks of the Grand-Saint-Bernard hospice who began to breed these dogs.

Due to their impressive stature, they are primarily intended for defense and guarding. Since the 19thand century, the Saint Bernard is also considered a rescue dog to come to the aid of travelers lost in the snow and fog.

The French club of “Saint-Bernard” was founded in 1908.

His character

The Saint Bernard has a protective temperament.

The Saint Bernard has a protective temperament. He is attentive to his master and his relatives. It is an ideal companion for children.

If he is not raised with other animals, he may prove to be less sociable, even possessive. A firm and constant education is therefore required from an early age. This is an attentive and very intelligent breed of dog.

The Saint Bernard shows independence. However, he does not appreciate long absences, as well as periods of inactivity.

His physic

Both muscular and massive, the Saint Bernard has a powerful body.

If he has a fundamentally gentle and calm character, the Saint Bernard impresses with his stature. Both muscular and massive, the Saint Bernard has a powerful body. It can weigh more than 80 kg (65 kg for females). At the withers, its average height is between 70 and 90 cm.

He can have a long or short haired coat. Her dress displays shades of brown, scarlet and white with a few touches of black at the level of the head.

Among its other physical particularities, we can mention hanging ears, as well as a long and variegated tail for long-haired specimens.

His price

the cost of a Saint Bernard is estimated between 1,000 and 1,400 € for an animal registered in the LOF (Book of French Origins). The pedigree and genealogy are likely to influence the purchase price of a puppy.

With regard to food, it is necessary to plan an average budget of around one hundred euros per month. This includes good quality kibble, as well as other food sources, such as mash or “homemade” rations.

His health

Despite its size, the Saint Bernard can present a poor health. This breed of dog is particularly exposed to:

  • twisting or distension of the stomach
  • hip dysplasia
  • heart disease
  • bone cancer

If the cold has no impact on the Saint Bernard, it does not support the heat. In summer, it is advisable to moderate your physical activities and the duration of your walks. They are nevertheless essential, because he has a great appetite and easily gains weight.

Finally, check his eyes regularly to prevent pleural effusion or even entropion.

Adopting an animal commits you, it is a decision that you will have to think carefully about. Do not hesitate to contact your veterinarian or the shelter closest to you before starting. They will be able to give you their advice on the breed of dog that will suit you best.


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