The Newfoundland: origin, size and character

Very gentle, the Newfoundland is the family dog ​​par excellence. He is protective and caring.

With its imposing appearance, the Newfoundland is recognized as an outstanding hardworking dog, as brave as it is intelligent.

His origins

The Newfoundland has been asked for many jobs.

The origins of this breed date back to the twelfthand century. Its name comes from the island Newfoundland, located in Canada. However, it is believed that the first Newfoundland specimens originated on the American continent.

The Newfoundland has common ancestry with bear dogs. Due to its capacity for work, it has been in demand for many jobs since the Middle Ages until today, for example as a shepherd, draft, guard, fishing or hunting dog. More unusual: some animals acted as postmen in the 19th century.and century on the eponymous island.

This breed of dog is part of the group 2, Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs, Swiss mountain and cattle dogs.

His character

Very friendly, the Newfoundland is a sociable and playful dog.

Very friendly, the Newfoundland is a dog that particularly appreciates the human species. Affectionate, sociable and playful, he shows great vivacity.

In addition, it adapts to different demands in the context of home or work. The Newfoundland does not show any aggression, even towards strangers or other pets.

His calm temperament allows him to make himself understood without difficulty. He is also discreet and never barks without reason.

His physical characteristics

The Newfoundland belongs to the category of “giant” dogs.

As a general rule, the Newfoundland weighs between 50 and 70 kg for a height at the withers of 65 to 70 cm. It belongs to the category of “giant” dogs in the same way as the Leonberger or the Bernese mountain dog.

He owns a broad and muscular silhouette, well proportioned from head to tail. The coat color can vary between black, brown and white. Its skull is massive, the eyes are sunken, and the muzzle is short.

Of great physical strength, the Newfoundland has a powerful chest and a robust frame. It has the distinction of having webbed feet, which makes it an excellent swimmer.

His price

Buying a Newfoundland puppy has an average cost of between €1,400 and €2,000. This price is justified by registration in the LOF (French origin book), respect for the standards of the breed in breeding, without forgetting the pedigree of the animal.

As for veterinary care and food for the Newfoundland, they require a monthly budget of around 80 euros.

His health

The generally accepted life expectancy of the Newfoundland is about ten years. This dog has a healthyeven if it requires special attention in hot weather.

It is recommended to monitor the health of his eyes, as this breed of dog is prone to entropion and cataracts. The Newfoundland can eventually manifest kidney disorders, hip dysplasia, and even respiratory diseases such as dyskinesia.

If he has a big appetite, daily physical exercises (walks, canine sports, work, etc.) will help him avoid obesity problems. Too much weight can cause the fragility of his joints and a heart risk.

Adopting an animal commits you, it is a decision that you will have to think carefully about. Do not hesitate to contact your veterinarian or the shelter closest to you before starting. They will be able to give you their advice on the breed of dog that will suit you best.


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