TRUE OR FALSE. Does the national priority already exist in the civil service and among lawyers, as the RN claims?

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This Thursday morning, the spokesperson for the National Rally said on France inter that the national priority was already “applied in the public service and among lawyers”. But is it true? The Midi Dispatch answers you.

Marine Le Pen, who arrived in the second round of the presidential election on Sunday April 10, advocates “the national priority of access to social housing and employment” in her program. Asked about the subject on France inter this Thursday, April 14, Franck Allisio, spokesman for the National Rally, said that the national priority was “not contrary to the rule of law”.

“If an employer prefers to specify that he wants to hire a Frenchman rather than a foreigner, it will be possible. Monaco and Switzerland have national priority, it’s in their Constitution. That doesn’t make them dictatorships though.” , he defended himself, specifying that it was, in France, “applied in the public service, among civil servants, and among lawyers”.

Indeed, forms of “national priority” exist in French law. To be a civil servant in one of the three public functions (State, territorial and hospital), you must be French or European. On the other hand, so-called sovereignty jobs, i.e. jobs falling within a sovereign sector (justice, interior, budget, defence, foreign affairs, etc.) and determined according to the nature of the functions and responsibilities exercised, are only accessible to French people.

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“Certain jobs are however accessible by competition to any candidate without condition of nationality. These include jobs of university professor and lecturer, as well as doctor of hospital establishments”, indicates the site service-public.fr.

For its part, access to the profession of lawyer is also only possible under certain conditions, in particular of nationality. The latter must be either of French nationality, or a national of a Member State of the European Union, or a national of a Member State of the European Economic Area, or a national of a State or of a territorial unit which grants French people the ability to exercise under the same conditions the professional activity that the interested party himself proposes to exercise in France, or either have the status of refugee or stateless person.

A lawyer who is a member of a bar in a state that does not belong to the European Union can, however, register with a French bar subject to passing an examination to check knowledge of French law, indicates the site of the Conseil national des barreaux .

In total, according to the Observatory of Inequalities, 5.4 million jobs remain inaccessible to non-European foreigners in France, or more than one job in five. For the most part (4.3 million), these are civil service positions, but more than a million jobs in the private sector, often in the liberal professions, are also difficult to access for foreigners.

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