This type of cancer is the most commonly diagnosed in women. We invite you to discover symptoms which characterize it, but also the types of prevention and treatment of the disease.
What is breast cancer?
This is a disease that follows a disorder in the cells of the breast. The cells that are affected then begin to multiply and eventually form the famous mass called “tumor”. This is a pathology that can be treated more effectively if the disease is detected in time from the first symptoms.
How is breast cancer diagnosed?
There are three different ways to make a diagnosis. First of all, the simplest is self-examination. It is then possible to establish an annual check-up with your treating doctor or your gynaecologist. Finally, one of the most effective methods is mammography. You should know that from the age of 25 a woman must have a regular check-up in this area.
How to recognize breast cancer?
ONE symptom of a disease is defined as an abnormal manifestation caused by this change. That symptoms the following does not necessarily confirm that it is one breast cancer. But if the case turns out to be positive, it is essential to be able to diagnose it as soon as possible. Then it would be advisable to have a medical opinion about the situation. No unusual sign should be overlooked, let alone a longer wait.
The formation of a lump in the breast is the most common sign. It is about a hard mass, painless and draws irregular contours. It seems to be stuck in the chest.
It is also possible to mark one or more hard masses at armpit level. This implies that the cancer localized to the breast has also attacked the axillary lymph nodes. In this case, no pain is felt.
Other progressive signs may also form, such as retraction of the skin with a rough appearance, redness or edema. The areola and nipple may also shrink or change color. Leakage can come from these parts. Finally, the breasts can actually change shape.
Other brands can then appear when these first symptoms was not diagnosed in time. They will be more severe because the disease has progressed to a higher stage. The tumor has grown and spread to other parts of the body will be possible.
What treatments are available to you?
Before possibly treatment performed, it is important to perform a biopsy. The operation consists of an analysis of a sample of the tumor. This is necessary to recognize the type of cancer and, above all, to adapt the most effective treatment. In this way, it is also possible to know at which level the disease is located.
There are five main categories of treatment. First of all, it is possible to resort to surgery. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the two fairly common solutions. Targeted therapy and hormone therapy are the other alternatives to combat this disease.